Jan. Re-live: WM der Männer: Gruppe B - Mazedonien vs. Spanien TV zeigt alle 96 Spiele der Handball-Weltmeisterschaft vom bis Januar. Die mazedonische Männer-Handballnationalmannschaft vertritt Mazedonien bei internationalen Turnieren im Männerhandball. Trainiert wird die. Die Mazedonische Handball Super Liga (mazedonisch Македонска Ракометна Супер Лига) ist die höchste Spielklasse im mazedonischen Männer-Handball.
In the late 6th century BC, the Achaemenid Persians under Darius the Great conquered the Paeonians , incorporating what is today the Republic of Macedonia within their vast territories.
Slavic tribes settled in the Balkan region including Macedonia by the late 6th century AD. During the s, Byzantine literature attests to the Slavs raiding Byzantine territories in the region of Macedonia , later aided by Bulgars.
Historical records document that in c. The Slavic tribes that settled in the region of Macedonia converted to Christianity around the 9th century during the reign of Tsar Boris I of Bulgaria.
In , the Byzantine Emperor Basil II defeated the armies of Tsar Samuil of Bulgaria , and within four years the Byzantines restored control over the Balkans including Macedonia for the first time since the 7th century.
However, by the late 12th century, Byzantine decline saw the region contested by various political entities, including a brief Norman occupation in the s.
In the early 13th century, a revived Bulgarian Empire gained control of the region. Plagued by political difficulties, the empire did not last, and the region came once again under Byzantine control in the early 14th century.
In the 14th century, it became part of the Serbian Empire , who saw themselves as liberators of their Slavic kin from Byzantine despotism. These events coincided with the entry of the Ottoman Turks into Europe.
The Kingdom of Prilep was one of the short-lived states that emerged from the collapse of the Serbian Empire in the 14th century.
The name Rumelia Turkish: Over the centuries Rumelia Eyalet was reduced in size through administrative reforms, until by the nineteenth century it consisted of a region of central Albania and north-western Macedonia with its capital at Manastir or present day Bitola.
Several movements whose goals were the establishment of an autonomous Macedonia, which would encompass the entire region of Macedonia , began to arise in the late 19th century; the earliest of these was the Macedonian Revolutionary Organization , later becoming Secret Macedonian-Adrianople Revolutionary Organization SMARO.
In the early years of the organisation, membership eligibility was exclusive to Bulgarians, but later it was extended to all inhabitants of European Turkey regardless of ethnicity or religion.
Following the two Balkan Wars of and and the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire , most of its European-held territories were divided between Greece , Bulgaria and Serbia.
Following the partition, an anti-Bulgarian campaign was carried out in the areas under Serbian and Greek control. In the fall of , Bulgaria joined the Central Powers in the First World War and gained control over most of the territory of the present-day Republic of Macedonia.
Bulgarian teachers and clergy were expelled, Bulgarian language signs and books removed, and all Bulgarian organisations dissolved. The Serbian government pursued a policy of forced Serbianisation in the region,   which included systematic suppression of Bulgarian activists, altering family surnames, internal colonisation, forced labor, and intense propaganda.
In , the Kingdom was officially renamed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, and divided into provinces called banovinas. In , the Communist International suggested that all Balkan communist parties adopt a platform of a "united Macedonia" but the suggestion was rejected by the Bulgarian and Greek communists.
IMRO followed by starting an insurgent war in Vardar Banovina, together with Macedonian Youth Secret Revolutionary Organization , which also conducted guerilla attacks against the Serbian administrative and army officials there.
The Macedonist ideas increased during the interbellum, in Yugoslav Vardar Macedonia , and among the left diaspora in Bulgaria, and were supported by the Comintern.
Bulgarian Action Committees were established to prepare the region for the new Bulgarian administration and army.
As leader of the Vardar Macedonian communists, Shatorov switched from the Yugoslav Communist Party to the Bulgarian Communist Party   and refused to start military action against the Bulgarian Army.
The new republic became one of the six republics of the Yugoslav federation. Many refugees fled to the Socialist Republic of Macedonia from there.
The state dropped Socialist from its name in when it peacefully seceded from Yugoslavia. The country officially celebrates 8 September as Independence day Macedonian: Ден на независноста , Den na nezavisnosta , with regard to the referendum endorsing independence from Yugoslavia , albeit legalising participation in future union of the former states of Yugoslavia.
Macedonia remained at peace through the Yugoslav Wars of the early s. A few very minor changes to its border with Yugoslavia were agreed upon to resolve problems with the demarcation line between the two countries.
However, it was seriously destabilised by the Kosovo War in , when an estimated , ethnic Albanian refugees from Kosovo took refuge in the country.
A conflict took place between the government and ethnic Albanian insurgents, mostly in the north and west of the country, between February and August Under the terms of the Ohrid Agreement , the government agreed to devolve greater political power and cultural recognition to the Albanian minority.
Inter-ethnic tensions flared in Macedonia in , with incidents of violence between ethnic Albanians and Macedonians. The Prespa agreement , which replaces the Interim Accord of ,  was signed on 17 June in a high-level ceremony at the Greek border village of Psarades on Lake Prespa , by the two foreign ministers Nikola Dimitrov and Nikos Kotzias and in the presence of the respective prime ministers , Zoran Zaev and Alexis Tsipras.
On October 15, the parliament of Macedonia began debating the name change. On 19 October the parliament voted to start the process of renaming the country after a total of 80 MPs voted in favour of the constitutional changes.
On 19 October the Macedonian parliament voted to start the process of renaming the country after a total of 80 MPs voted in favour of the constitutional changes.
It is a transit way for shipment of goods from Greece, through the Balkans, towards Eastern, Western and Central Europe and through Bulgaria to the east.
It is part of a larger region also known as Macedonia , which also includes Macedonia Greece and the Blagoevgrad Province in southwestern Bulgaria.
Macedonia is a landlocked country that is geographically clearly defined by a central valley formed by the Vardar river and framed along its borders by mountain ranges.
Ohrid is considered to be one of the oldest lakes and biotopes in the world. Macedonia also has scenic mountains. They belong to two different mountain ranges: The second range is the Osogovo — Belasica mountain chain, also known as the Rhodope range.
In the Republic of Macedonia there are 1, large sources of water. The rivers flow into three different basins: The Aegean basin is the largest.
Its valley plays an important part in the economy and the communication system of the country. The Vardar Valley project is considered to be crucial for the strategic development of the country.
It receives water from Lakes Prespa and Ohrid. It covers the northern side of Mount Skopska Crna Gora. This is the source of the river Binachka Morava, which joins the Morava , and later, the Danube , which flows into the Black Sea.
In Macedonia there are nine spa towns and resorts: Macedonia has a transitional climate from Mediterranean to continental. The summers are hot and dry, and the winters are moderately cold.
There are three main climatic zones in the country: The mountainous climate is present in the mountainous regions of the country, and it is characterised by long and snowy winters and short and cold summers.
The spring is colder than the fall. The majority of Macedonia has a moderate continental climate with warm and dry summers and relatively cold and wet winters.
There are thirty main and regular weather stations in the country. The flora of Republic of Macedonia is represented by around families , genera , and around 3, plant species.
The most abundant group are the flowering plants with around 3, species, followed by mosses species and ferns Phytogeographically , Macedonia belongs to the Illyrian province of the Circumboreal Region within the Boreal Kingdom.
National Park of Pelister in Bitola is known for the presence of the endemic Macedonian Pine , as well as some 88 species of plants representing almost 30 percent of Macedonian dendroflora.
The Macedonian Pine forests on Pelister are divided into two communities: The Macedonian Pine, as a specific conifer species, is a relict of tertiary flora, and the five-needle pine Molika , was first noted on Pelister in The quality of thick poppy juice is measured worldwide by morphine units; while Chinese opium contains eight such units and is considered to be of high quality, Indian opium contains seven units, and Turkish opium only six, Macedonian opium contains a full 14 morphine units and is one of the best quality opiums in the world.
The fauna of Macedonian forests is abundant and includes bears, wild boars, wolves, foxes, squirrels, chamois and deer.
The lynx is found, although very rarely, in the mountains of western Macedonia, while deer can be found in the region of Demir Kapija.
Forest birds include the blackcap , the grouse , the black grouse , the imperial eagle and the forest owl. The three artificial lakes of the country represent a separate fauna zone, an indication of long-lasting territorial and temporal isolation.
Lake Ohrid is also noted in zoology texts for the European eel and its baffling reproductive cycle: When sexually mature, the eel is driven by unexplained instincts in the autumn to set off back to its point of birth.
There it spawns and dies, leaving its offspring to seek out Lake Ohrid to begin the cycle anew. Macedonia is a parliamentary democracy with an executive government composed of a coalition of parties from the unicameral legislature Собрание , Sobranie and an independent judicial branch with a constitutional court.
The Assembly is made up of seats and the members are elected every four years. The role of the President of the Republic is mostly ceremonial, with the real power resting in the hands of the Prime Minister.
The President is the commander-in-chief of the state armed forces and a president of the state Security Council. The President is elected every five years and he or she can be elected twice at most.
On the second run of the presidential elections held on 5 April , Gjorge Ivanov was elected as new Macedonian president. The capital, Skopje , is governed as a group of ten municipalities collectively referred to as the "City of Skopje".
Municipalities in Macedonia are units of local self-government. Neighbouring municipalities may establish co-operative arrangements.
The issue of the power balance between the two communities led to a brief war in , following which a power-sharing agreement was reached.
After a troublesome pre-election campaign, Macedonia saw a relatively calm and democratic change of government in the elections held on 5 July In April , presidential and local elections in the country were carried out peacefully, which was crucial for Macedonian aspirations to join the EU.
Parliament, or Sobranie Macedonian: It makes, proposes and adopts laws. The Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia has been in use since the formation of the republic in the It limits the power of the governments, both local and national.
The military is also limited by the constitution. The constitution states that Macedonia is a social free state, and that Skopje is the capital.
The current president of Parliament is Talat Xhaferi. Executive power in Macedonia is exercised by the Government, whose prime minister is the most politically powerful person in the country.
The members of the government are chosen by the Prime Minister and there are ministers for each branch of the society. There are ministers for economy, finance, information technology, society, internal affairs, foreign affairs and other areas.
The members of the Government are elected for a mandate of four years. The current Prime Minister is Zoran Zaev.
Judiciary power is exercised by courts, with the court system being headed by the Judicial Supreme court , Constitutional Court and the Republican Judicial Council.
The assembly appoints the judges. Macedonia became a member state of the UN on 8 April , eighteen months after its independence from Yugoslavia.
The major interest of the country is a full integration in the European and the Trans-Atlantic integration processes. Five foreign policy priorities are: Macedonia is a member of the following international and regional organisations: In , the country was officially recognised as a European Union candidate state.
At the NATO Bucharest summit , Macedonia failed to gain an invitation to join the organisation because Greece vetoed the move after the dispute over the name issue.
The parliament also recommended a speedy lifting of the visa regime for Macedonian citizens. He established that Bulgaria almost has joined Greece in vetoing the accession talks with Macedonia.
The Bulgarian position was that Sofia cannot grant an EU certificate to Skopje, which is systematically employing an ideology of hate towards Bulgaria.
Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and Convention against Torture , and the Constitution guarantees basic human rights to all Macedonian citizens.
There do, however, continue to be problems with human rights. According to human rights organisations, in there were suspected extrajudicial executions, threats against, and intimidation of, human rights activists and opposition journalists, and allegations of torture by the police.
It is also responsible for the defence system, including training, readiness, equipment, and development, and for drawing up and presenting the defence budget.
After the breakup of Yugoslavia in , the name of Macedonia became the object of a dispute between Greece and the newly independent Republic of Macedonia.
Citing historical and territorial concerns resulting from the ambiguity between the Republic of Macedonia, the adjacent Greek region of Macedonia and the ancient Kingdom of Macedon which falls within Greek Macedonia, Greece opposes the use of the name Macedonia by the Republic of Macedonia without a geographical qualifier, supporting a compound name such as North Macedonia for use by all and for all purposes erga omnes.
This aspect of the dispute was resolved when the flag was changed under the terms of an interim accord agreed between the two states in October However, most UN member countries have abandoned the provisional reference and have recognised the country as the Republic of Macedonia instead.
These include four of the five permanent UN Security Council members: Additionally, many pieces of public infrastructure, such as airports, highways, and stadiums have been renamed after Alexander and Philip.
As of June , both governments are expected to have to overcome stiff political opposition in their respective countries in order to conclude this process.
Macedonia held an advisory referendum about the required changes to its constitution in September Most of the current municipalities were unaltered or merely amalgamated from the previous municipalities established in September ; others were consolidated and their borders changed.
Ranked as the fourth "best reformatory state" out of countries ranked by the World Bank in , Macedonia has undergone considerable economic reform since independence.
Since , Macedonia has witnessed steady, though slow, economic growth with GDP growing by 3. This figure was projected to rise to an average of 5.
The current government introduced a flat tax system with the intention of making the country more attractive to foreign investment.
Macedonia still has one of the lowest per capita GDPs in Europe. In terms of GDP structure, as of [update] the manufacturing sector, including mining and construction constituted the largest part of GDP at The trade, transportation and accommodation sector represents Macedonia along with Montenegro , Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo belongs to the less-developed southern region of the former Yugoslavia.
It suffered severe economic difficulties after independence, when the Yugoslav internal market collapsed and subsidies from Belgrade ended. In addition, it faced many of the same problems faced by other former socialist East European countries during the transition to a market economy.
Its main land and rail exports route, through Serbia , remains unreliable with high transit costs, thereby affecting the export of its formerly highly profitable, early vegetables market to Germany.
When Greece imposed a trade embargo on the Republic in —95, the economy was also affected. Some relief was afforded by the end of the Bosnian War in November and the lifting of the Greek embargo, but the Kosovo War of and the Albanian crisis caused further destabilisation.
See Greek investments in the Republic of Macedonia. Many Greek companies have bought former state companies in Macedonia,  such as the oil refinery Okta, the baking company Zhito Luks, a marble mine in Prilep , textile facilities in Bitola , etc.
However, local cross-border trade between Greece and the Republic of Macedonia sees thousands of Greek shoppers visiting to purchase cheaper domestic products.
The Republic of Macedonia is in its position a continental country in the middle of the Balkan peninsula , and the main transport links in the country are those that connect the different parts of the peninsula transbalkan links.
Particularly important is the connection between north-south and Vardar valley, which connects Greece with the rest of Europe. The most important railway line is the line on the border with Serbia — Kumanovo — Skopje — Veles — Gevgelija — border with Greece.
Since , the railway line Beljakovci has been built — the border with Bulgaria, which will get a direct connection Skopje-Sofia. The most important railway hub in the country is Skopje , while the other two are Veles and Kumanovo.
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Highlights Shakhtyor Sl — Slovacko. Panathinaikos — Anadolu Efes. Martin Klizan — Felix Auger Aliassime Dennis Novak — Christian Garin Burevesnik — Uralmash Torpedo NN — Lokomotiv Y Macedonian handball supporters are known as Makedonska Falanga or Macedonian Phalanx.
They are one of the best national handball supporters in the world and travel everywhere with the team. The massive show of support by the Makedonska Falanga helped the Macedonian team achieve its highest placing to date, when they finished in 5th place.
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